14 If a king judges the poor with fairness,
his throne will be established forever.
15 A rod and a reprimand impart wisdom,
but a child left undisciplined disgraces its mother.
The true test of a king is how he deals with the poor, who are at his mercy. Those who “show partiality to the poor or favoritism to the great” both pervert justice, one spoils while the other oppresses. But there are no legitimate charges against the one who maintains justice, his legacy is an example to all who succeed him.
“A rod and a reprimand impart wisdom, but a child left undisciplined disgraces its mother.” The main purpose of discipline is to impart wisdom, and it is with this in mind that both rod and reprimand should be used. It is difficult for child and parent alike, but discipline in the present prevents future regret. Rod and reprimand should be balanced, as one without the other may do more harm than good. Neglect them both to your own disgrace, as foolishness only worsens if left unchecked.